Orange County

Orange County, highlighted in map of Virginia

In 1734, the General Assembly looked to the past when naming Orange County after William of Orange, who ruled initially with Queen Mary and then solo as King William III.

To encourage settlers to move to the western lands, those who arrived in Orange County by January 1 of 1734/5 (at that time, the "new year" started on March 1) were exempt from taxes for the next three years. The delay maid it difficult to start the new county's operations, limiting its ability to raise funds for three years.

The county boundaries extended "northerly by the grant of Lord Fairfax and westerly by the utmost limits of Virginia." The vague descriptions were common for counties on the frontier of settlement. The boundaries of the Fairfax grant had not been defined at this time.

since 1845, wings were added to Montpelier - and then removed to restore its appearance to the days when President Madison lived there
since 1845, wings were added to Montpelier - and then removed to restore its appearance to the days when President Madison lived there
Source: Historical collections of Virginia, Montpelier, the seat of President Madison (p.422)

Germanna

Montpelier

Links

Orange County originally was bounded by the Rappahannock River on the north, the Rapidan River on the south, and on the west by the utmost limits of Virginia
Orange County originally was bounded by the Rappahannock River on the north, the Rapidan River on the south, and on the west by the "utmost limits of Virginia"
Source: Memoir of Col. Joshua Fry (p.26)

Gordonsville served as a hospital center for the Confederacy during the Civil War, because railroads could transport the wounded there from battlefields in northern and central Virginia
Gordonsville served as a hospital center for the Confederacy during the Civil War, because railroads could transport the wounded there from battlefields in northern and central Virginia
Source: Library of Congress, Atlas of the War of the Rebellion, Southeastern Virginia and Fort Monroe, Va. (1892)


Existing Virginia Counties
Virginia Places