Bicycle and pedestrian trails in urban areas are used for multiple purposes, including commuting to school/work as well as for recreational use. Paint designates specific portions of roads for use by just scooters and bicycles, rather than cars.
Some major recreational trails, such as the East Coast Greenway, traverse both rural and urban areas. As the western edge of the Washington and Old Dominion Trail has urbanized, use patterns have changed. Trail managers have to plan for different types of use in different areas, similar to how land use planners decide to zone different parcels for residential, commercial, and industrial uses.
Major recreational trails in the countryside have been developed for exercise and tourist use. Former railroads have been converted into recreational paths in rails-to-trails projects. Virginia has more miles of the popular Appalachian Trail than any other state.1
The Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries has developed the Virginia Birding and Wildlife Trail across the state "to discover Virginia’s wild side."2