During the American Revolution, British soldiers and German mercenaries who surrendered at the Battle of Saratoga were imprisoned in Charlottesville. Later in the war, other prisoners were taken to Winchester.
Many of the Americans captured by the British were transported to New York City and imprisoned in old ships. Conditions were horrible, and 50-70% of those prisoners died. In the Revolutionary War, more Americans died as prisoners of war than in battle.1
During World War II, some German prisoners were shipped across the Atlantic Ocean to Virginia. One of the locations for incarcerating them was Coffee Pot Bottom, along Stroubles Creek near Radford. Some were tasked with maintaining the grounds at the Radford Ordinance Work (now the Radford Army Ammunition Plant).2