Copper in Virginia

locations of copper ore in Virginia
locations of copper ore in Virginia
Source: Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy, Copper

Virginia has copper-bearing ore, but prior to arrival of English colonists most copper materials were imported from native copper deposits near the Great Lakes.

Trade routes between the Mississippi River and the Southeast were in place at least 3,500 years ago, at the end of the Archaic Period. Archeologists have found Great Lakes copper in Georgia, placed in burial sites.1



1. "Discovery of copper band shows Native Americans engaged in trade more extensively than thought," Archeology News Network, August 7, 2018,; Matthew C. Sanger, Mark A. Hill, Gregory D. Lattanzi, Brian D. Padgett, Clark Spencer Larsen, Brendan J. Culleton, Douglas J. Kennett, Laure Dussubieux, Matthew F. Napolitano, Sébastien Lacombe, and David Hurst Thomas, “Early metal use and crematory practices in the American Southeast,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, August 14, 2018, (last checked August 17, 2018)

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