Copper in Virginia

locations of copper ore in Virginia
locations of copper ore in Virginia
Source: Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy, Copper

Virginia has copper-bearing ore, but prior to arrival of English colonists most copper materials were imported from native copper deposits near the Great Lakes.

Trade routes between the Mississippi River and the Southeast were in place at least 3,500 years ago, at the end of the Archaic Period. Archeologists have found Great Lakes copper in Georgia, placed in burial sites.1

Native Americans in (modern) Montgomery County acquired copper in the Contact Period via from trade from the coastline
Native Americans in (modern) Montgomery County acquired copper in the Contact Period via from trade from the coastline
Source: Virginia Humanities, Virginia Indian Archive, Tubular Copper Beads

stone ornaments were popular decorative items before European colonists brought copper
stone ornaments were popular decorative items before European colonists brought copper
Source: Virginia Humanities, Virginia Indian Archive, Polished Stone Gorgets and Pendants

copper deposits in the Blue Ridge are associated with different types of ore copper deposits in the Blue Ridge are associated with different types of ore
copper deposits in the Blue Ridge are associated with different types of ore
Source: US Geological Survey (USGS), Copper Deposits of the United States (p.111)

copper ore mined in Floyd, Carroll, and Grayson counties in the 1850's was shipped to Baltimore
copper ore mined in Floyd, Carroll, and Grayson counties in the 1850's was shipped to Baltimore
Source: US Geological Survey (USGS), Copper Deposits of the United States (p.115)

copper ore was found with the Great Gossan lead deposit in Southwest Virginia
copper ore was found with the Great Gossan lead deposit in Southwest Virginia
Source: US Geological Survey (USGS), Copper Deposits of the United States (p.117)

Links

References

1. "Discovery of copper band shows Native Americans engaged in trade more extensively than thought," Archeology News Network, August 7, 2018, https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2018/08/discovery-of-copper-band-shows-native.html; Matthew C. Sanger, Mark A. Hill, Gregory D. Lattanzi, Brian D. Padgett, Clark Spencer Larsen, Brendan J. Culleton, Douglas J. Kennett, Laure Dussubieux, Matthew F. Napolitano, Sébastien Lacombe, and David Hurst Thomas, “Early metal use and crematory practices in the American Southeast,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, August 14, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1808819115 (last checked August 17, 2018)


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