The most famous house in Carroll County was owned by Sidna Allen. In 1912, Allen's brother was tried in the county courthouse in Hillsville. A gun battle inside the courtroom, known by the Allen family as the Hillsville Massacre and by others as the Carroll County shootout, resulted in the death of the judge, commonwealth's attorney, sheriff, and two others.
After Sidna Allen was then sent to jail (and his brother executed for his role in the shootout), the house was sold. In 2014, it was donated to the Carroll County Historical Society, which assumed responsibility for maintaining the wooden structure.1